Heat Stabilized PET In broad terms there are two methods for producing heat stabilized bottles, the Single Blow and the Double Blow systems : Single Blow
The Single Blow technique can be applied on a conventional One-Step ASB machine. The PET container is blown inside a heated blow mold. This raises the level of crystallinity of the PET, and also relaxes some of the stresses induced in the PET by the stretching process so that the amount by which the bottles shrink when hot filled is reduced.
The temperature of the mold is limited by the need to ensure that bottles on leaving the blow mold are rigid & will not be subject to deformation. Even using special in-mold cooling systems, "single blow" methods can only raise service temperatures to about 83°C (after storage).
Double Blow Specially developed reheat blow molding machines are required to make Double Blow bottles. An oversized bottle is blown which is then subjected to heat setting followed by a stress relieving process, before being blown for a second time to form the finished container. Double Blow bottles have higher levels of crystallinity plus very low levels of residual stress, and can be hot filled at temperatures up to 87°C (after storage).
(Note that heat resistance is lowered if heat stabilized bottles are stored under conditions of high temperature and humidity. This phenomenon applies to both the Single and Double Blow methods. The hot filling temperatures quoted above are for bottles that have been stored at 40°C and 90% RH for 24 hours).